Inner Areas and UNESCO World Heritage: what possible convergences?

Dante Di Matteo, Giacomo Cavuta


his paper constitutes an exploratory study about the possible relationships between Inner Areas and World Heritage Sites in Italy. For each pilot project area individuated by SNAI, it was designed a potential tourism gravitational basin, by taking into account the average yearly overnights of all the neighbouring provinces with WHS endowments, for the 12-years period 2005-2016. General results show that the central-northern pilot areas are more willing to intercept cultural heritage flows, while the majority of southern areas are significantly far from possible convergences with UNESCO place markers. Descriptive statistics and synthetic cartographic representation of potential tourism gravitational basins are provided, policy implications are discussed.

Questo lavoro costituisce uno studio esplorativo circa le possibili relazioni tra Aree Interne e Siti del Patrimonio UNESCO in Italia. Per ciascuna delle aree del progetto pilota individuate dalla SNAI è stato disegnato un potenziale bacino gravitazionale di utenza turistica, prendendo in considerazione la media annuale delle presenze turistiche delle province confinanti e aventi sul proprio suolo almeno un sito UNESCO, per un periodo di 12 anni dal 2005 al 2016. I risultati generali mostrano che le aree pilota del centro-nord Italia sono più predisposte ad intercettare flussi turistici culturali, mentre la maggior parte delle aree del sud sono significativamente distanti da possibili convergenze con i marcatori territoriali dell’UNESCO. Si forniscono le statistiche descrittive e una rappresentazione cartografica sintetica dei potenziali bacini gravitazionali, si discutono inoltre le principali implicazioni politiche. 

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